Glossary T

Glossary of Legal Definitions

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The following list of legal definitions taken from the California Court's website may be useful in your California Family Law case. For further definitions in other areas of law not covered here, please visit the California Court's website.



The ownership or evidence of ownership of land or other property.


See statute of limitations.


A written, word-for-word record of what was said at a trial or some other formal conversation like a hearing ordeposition.


A judge’s order to transfer a case from 1 court to another before a hearing or trial is held in the matter.


the moving of a child from one place where they are taken care of (like home, school or day care) to another.


A court process in which the issues of fact and law are heard and decided according to legal procedures so a judicial officer or jury can make a decision in the case. Can be either (1) a bench trial—a trial that is heard and decided by a judge, or (2) a jury trial—a trial that is heard and decided by a jury.

Trial Court

The first court to consider a case, generally the superior court. (Compare appellate court.)

Temporary Judge

An attorney that volunteers his or her time to hear and decide cases. Also called a “pro tem judge.”

Trust Fund

Money, stocks, bonds, or securities held under the control of someone for the use and benefit of another.

Temporary Restraining Order

A court order, sometimes called a “TRO,” that says a person must not do certain things that are likely to cause harm that can’t be fixed. Unlike an injunction, it can be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held. TROs are often used in domestic violence cases to protect a person from violence or the threat of violence.

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